In 1579, in protest of Queen Elizabeth's pending marriage to the Duke of Anjou, the Protestant pamphleteer John Stubbs penned a scurrilous pamphlet entitled 'The Discovery of a Gaping Gulf to Swallow England.' Needless to say the queen was not amused. Indeed, such was her fury that author, printer, and bookseller were promptly apprehended and sentenced to have their right hands chopped off. Though the printer was pardoned, Stubbs and the bookseller were not so lucky. Stubbs accepted his fate with remarkable aplomb. Indeed, the instant his hand had been lopped off, he lifted his hat with his left hand, proudly waved it, and cried, "God save the Queen!"