In 1916, the legendary director Cecil B. De Mille produced a film adaptation of The Trail of the Lonesome Pine, based on the popular novel by John Fox, Jr (and the play by Eugene Walter). Though forewarned that De Mille, famed for his autocratic nature, would be making certain departures from the novel, Fox and Walter, having seen the film at last, were astonished by the changes which De Mille had made. "Well," Walter sighed as they left the theatre, "at least he kept the pine tree." "No," Fox plaintively replied, "it was a redwood!"