Greenland, discovered by Eric the Red in 982, is covered mainly with glaciers and barren rock, with very few patches of tundra and habitable land. Why did Eric the Red name it Greenland? Colonists, he surmised, would be more keen to move to a country which bore an attractive name.
[How did Zilwaukee, Michigan, get its name? Early settlers hoped German immigrants would confuse it with Milwaukee and boost the town's population.]